The Freshkills Landfill, located in Staten Island in New York City, was once the largest landfill in the world.
Opening and Operations (1948): Freshkills Landfill opened in 1948 as a temporary landfill for municipal waste. Initially, it was expected to be in operation for a few years.
Expansion (1950s - 1980s): Over the years, the landfill expanded significantly to accommodate the increasing waste generated by the growing population of New York City. The site went through several expansions, and by the 1980s it had become a massive waste disposal site.
Closure (2001): The Freshkills Landfill gained international attention following the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. Debris from the World Trade Center towers was brought to the landfill for sorting and investigation. This event accelerated the decision to close the landfill.
Landfill Rehabilitation (2002-2012): In 2001 the landfill officially closed, and efforts were initiated to transform the site into a more environmentally friendly space. The closure led to a comprehensive landfill rehabilitation project, including capping the landfill, installing a methane gas collection system, and implementing measures to control environmental impact.
Freshkills Park Development (2012-present): After the closure and rehabilitation, the area was repurposed for a massive park project known as Freshkills Park. The project aimed to transform the former landfill into a sustainable and recreational public space. Freshkills Park is still in development, with sections of the park being opened to the public gradually.
The transformation of Freshkills Landfill into Freshkills Park reflects efforts to address environmental concerns, promote sustainability, and create recreational spaces for all.

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